#CrediTalk: Know All About The Liver From Dr. Sanjiv Saigal

We acquired in contact with Dr Sanjiv Saigal (Director, Transplant Hepatology, Medanta The Medicity) to assist us inform you in regards to the organ – Liver. Right here’s all the pieces it’s worthwhile to learn about Liver, its functioning, illnesses, remedy and prevention.

The Liver and its Features

The liver is the most important organ of our physique. It is among the most fun organs. We additionally name it the metabolic manufacturing unit of the physique. So no matter we eat goes by means of the liver. It’s situated on the best aspect of the stomach, on the higher half. It’s a lovely organ. It’s beautiful, smooth and pinkish in tinge. A standard liver would weigh one thing about 1000-1200gms.

The liver has a number of capabilities. You possibly can broadly categorize them into three: Storage, Synthesis and Cleansing.


So no matter you eat will get transformed into glucose, carbohydrates, fat and proteins. Then they’re saved within the liver by varied metabolic processes. These vitamins are immensely helpful for us on the time of disaster, when we’re not having enough reserves for our our bodies. Then these shops are wanted to replenish our energy, proteins, and vitamin.


The liver synthesizes many necessary proteins. It synthesizes proteins which are wanted for constructing power, immunity, and protein wanted for blood clotting. It additionally synthesizes the bile, which is extraordinarily necessary and helps within the means of digestion.


Our physique inhales varied toxins day in and day trip. It might be in meals which have adulteration with chemical substances, drug toxins or different sources. The liver is the organ that detoxifies these parts in order that they don’t hurt our physique.

If the liver just isn’t functioning nicely then we might have quite a lot of issues due to the poisonous results of medicine and chemical substances which we’re ingesting knowingly or unknowingly. That’s the fantastic thing about the liver. It maintains our physique in a holistic state to maintain us wholesome, completely happy and vigorous on a regular basis.

Watch Dr, Sanjiv Saigal, MBBS, MD- Medication, DNB- Medication, Director – Institute of Digestive and Hepatobiliary Sciences at Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon talking about ABCs of Liver illness prevention

Illnesses That Have an effect on the Liver

There are two forms of liver illnesses which we encounter – an acute sickness, which we usually name acute viral hepatitis. One other is continual sicknesses, the place the liver is affected by an issue that continues for greater than six months. Persistent results in a state the place the liver can’t operate usually. The acute issues are transient, which is often not an enormous situation however generally could be a concern. Generally we see acute sicknesses due to hepatitis B, hepatitis A or hepatitis E. Typically alternate medicines can injury the liver in an acute section.

Acute Liver Illnesses

Acute means it’s a quick time period downside (a couple of days to weeks, lower than 6 months). Usually these sicknesses would manifest as yellowness of eyes, fatigue, weight reduction and fever. These sicknesses enhance with remedy or management on viral infections. Your physician simply has to select them up on the proper time and deal with them appropriately. Hardly ever, acute sicknesses can go on to trigger liver failure. The underside line is anyone who has an acute liver sickness ought to go to a health care provider.

Persistent Liver illnesses

Persistent means the issue is happening and persisting for greater than six months. After that, it’s unlikely to enhance should you don’t deal with these issues.

One sort of continual liver illness is Liver Cirrhosis. It’s the shrinkage of the liver. The liver turns into shrunk, small and nodular and will fail at a while in your life.

The circumstances that result in Persistent Liver Illnesses in India are –

Viral hepatitis– Hepatitis B and hepatitis C

Over consumption of alcohol- Alcohol is a large killer. About 25% of sufferers who we see in our clinics at the moment are affected by Liver cirrhosis due to their alcohol consumption.

Non-alcoholic metabolic illness– A non-alcoholic fatty liver illness is the one the place alcohol just isn’t the offender. It’s your life-style which results in fatty liver. And that causes the liver to develop issues afterward. One other group of issues is metabolic or inherited illnesses like autoimmune issues, the place the physique damages your liver.

Additionally, examine: Can Only Alcoholics get Fatty Liver?

Indicators and Signs to Name to the Physician

An individual develops sure indicators and signs once they have continual liver illness. Most significantly you begin dropping vitality and really feel fatigued. Additionally, you will have yellow eyes, swelling of toes, and weight achieve. This weight achieve could also be the results of water accumulation within the tummy. You ultimately additionally begin dropping focus. Your alertness, vigilance and skill to make choices go down.

These are early indicators and may lead you in direction of a liver coma. It is among the most harmful illnesses. One other necessary manifestation is bleeding. Rupture of veins in meals pipe results in blood in vomiting or blood within the stool. As liver cirrhosis progresses, an individual can have kidney dysfunction, liver cancer and different points additionally.

The physician might point out a liver transplant relying upon your situation. The physician will counsel a liver transplant in the event that they understand that this liver just isn’t going to operate nicely.

Please word that not all cirrhosis sufferers want a liver transplant. The monitoring by physician and stage of liver situation are components that decide whether or not transplantation is required or not.

Additionally, examine: Who needs a Liver Transplant?

Prevention of Liver Illnesses

I really feel that prevention is healthier than treatment. A match liver means a match physique and a match particular person

We will summarise the preventive points as:

Avoiding alcohol

If you happen to keep away from alcohol, you’ll have large advantages. About 1/fifth of liver illnesses in our nation are due to alcohol. These illnesses could be prevented by merely avoiding alcohol.

Balanced weight loss program

A balanced weight loss program is key to any one that desires a wholesome physique, particularly good well being of the liver. You don’t have to go to a extremely certified dietician or large books to know find out how to eat higher.

A weight loss program good in greens and proteins will do you good. Vegetable proteins are higher than animal proteins. If it’s important to, you need to select fish, egg and rooster, however keep away from purple meat. Additionally, you need to keep away from saturated oil and boiled meals. There’s a large false impression in our nation that boiled meals retains the liver wholesome. It’s not true. Some little bit of oil and ghee is required for good well being.


Take care of hepatitis B and hepatitis C is important. It’s best to get common checkups performed and lead an excellent life-style.


It’s possible you’ll take into consideration how diabetes is linked to the liver. Diabetes and hypertension are the principle causes of fatty liver illness in our nation. This is named non-alcoholic fatty liver illness.

If an individual has unmoderated diabetes, hypertension, and excessive ldl cholesterol, they will get steatosis. On this illness, fats will get collected within the liver. Every time the fats content material of the liver is greater than 5% than the burden of the liver, it’s referred to as fatty liver. This non-alcoholic fatty liver can flip into liver cirrhosis.

Each within the West and our nation, non-alcoholic fatty liver illness is the 2nd to third reason for liver transplant. Within the USA, non-alcoholic fatty liver illness is the most common reason for liver transplant. However you may forestall fatty liver illness by truly controlling diabetes, blood strain and ldl cholesterol. It’s best to train and keep away from weight achieve. This is applicable to youngsters as nicely. Don’t let your youngsters be sofa potatoes, make them go to the park as a result of fatty liver illness can also be there in youngsters.


There could also be 100 causes to not train however 1 or 2 motivations to do it. If you happen to transfer your physique somewhat bit, it has superb outcomes. Something is healthier than nothing. The perfect is 30-40 min of brisk strolling day-after-day not less than 5 days per week. Jogging or sweating just isn’t a should. Any type of train is sweet. Something that’s making your physique transfer is healthier than nothing.

One other facet of prevention is getting a vaccination. You need to get vaccinated towards hepatitis B, which is obtainable in our nation. Vaccination of hepatitis C just isn’t but accessible globally. Each new child within the nation is vaccinated. Three doses of vaccination may give about 99.5% safety towards hepatitis B. Even adults at any age can get vaccinated. These options could make a huge effect on find out how to forestall liver illnesses.

Check out all the article in #CrediTalk series here.

About The Physician

Dr Sanjiv Saigal is a educated and nicely skilled Hepatologist and Director of Institute of Digestive and Hepatobiliary Sciences at  Medanta -The Medicity, Gurgaon. He has a wealthy expertise of 26 years on this subject.

He has accomplished his DNB in Gastroenterology from Nationwide Board of Examinations in 1996, and DM in Gastroenterology from GB Pant College of Agriculture & Know-how in 1998. He’s a member of Indian medical affiliation (IMA) and Indian society of gastroenterology.

For a precedence appointment or extra info, contact us at +91 8010994994 or ebook an appointment with Dr. Sanjiv Saigal right here –

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